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Pashto Philosophy

ابن عربي

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کينډۍ:مسلمان-عالمان-مالوماتبکس ابو عبدالله محمد بن علي بن محمد بن العربي الحاتمي الطايي (عربي: أبن عربي)، د اسلامي نړۍ له سترو فلسفيانو، صوفيانو او عالمانو څخه دى. په تصوف كې د شيخ اكبر مقام ته رسېدلې. هغه په 1165 کال کې په مورسيا کې زېږېدلی وه او په 1240 کال کې په دمشق کې مړ شو.

نومسمول

ابو عبدالله محمد بن علي بن محمد بن العربي الحاتمي الطايي (کينډۍ:Lang)

چې په غربي نړۍ کې د ډوکټور ماکزيموس په نامه يادېږي او په اسلامي نړۍ کې د محيي الدين "Revivifier of religion" او الشيخ الأكبر ("لوی استاد") په لقبونو هم ياد شوی.

ژوندليکسمول

ابن عربي ته اکثراً د يو مرموز فيلسوف په سترګه کتل کېږي. د هغه د ژوند په مهال هغه ته په سوفيت کې يو ډېر اهم او لوړ سوفي ښوونکی او لارښود ګڼل کېده.
A vastly prolific writer, Ibn Arabi is generally known as the prime exponent of the idea that would later be termed wahdat al-wujud (وحدة الوجود, "unity of being"), though he has never used this term in any of his writings. His emphasis, as with any mystic, lay rather on the true potential of the human being and the path to realising that potential, which reaches its completion in the Perfect or Complete Man (al-insan al-kamil). Ibn Arabi wrote at least 300 works, ranging from minor treatises to the huge 37-volume Meccan Revelations (al-Futuhat al-Makkiyya) and the quintessence of his teachings, The Seals of Wisdom (Fusus al-hikam). Approximately 110 works are known to have survived in verifiable manuscripts, some 18 in Ibn Arabi’s own hand. He exerted an unparalleled influence, not only upon his immediate circle of friends and disciples, many of whom were considered spiritual masters in their own right, but also on succeeding generations, affecting the whole course of subsequent spiritual thought and practice in the Arabic, Turkish and Persian-speaking worlds. In recent years his writings have also become increasingly the subject of interest and study in the West, leading to the establishment of an international academic Society in his name.

Ibn Arabi’s life can be divided into three discrete phases: born in Medinat Mursiya the present day Murcia in south-eastern Spain in 560AH/1165AD, he spent the first thirty-five years of his life in the Maghreb, the western lands of Islam which stretched from al-Andalus to Tunis; then he embarked on pilgrimage and spent the next three years in or around Mecca, where a series of dramatic experiences initiated the writing of several works including his magnum opus, the Meccan Illuminations ; the final phase of his life was spent in the Levant and Anatolia, where he raised a family, and in addition to an unceasing literary output and instruction given to numerous disciples, he became adviser to kings and rulers. He settled in Damascus, where he lived for 17 years. His writings are firmly based upon the Quran and the Sunna of the Prophet, although some recent scholars have claimed that he converted to Shiism in Damascus but concealed his faith.[1] He died in 638AH/1240AD and his tomb is still an important place of pilgrimage.

ژوند او حالات سمول

ابوبكر محمد بن علي بن احمد بن عبدالله بن حاتم طايي چې په ابن عربي سره مشهور دى، د روژې د مياشتې په ۱۷مه نيټه كال ۵۶۰هجري لمريز د اندلس (ننني سپېن) په مشهورښار مرسيه كې زېږېدلې دى. له زده كړې څخه وروسته ۳۰ كاله په اشبېله كې واوسېده او بيا يې د ختيز پر لور خپل يون پېل او د ډېرو ملكونو سفرونه يې وكړل، چې دمشق ښار ته ورسېد. ابن عربي د وحدت الوجود د نظريي لاروې ؤ، او د لومړي ځل لپاره دا نظريه همده وړاندې كړه. دده په نزد باطني روښنايي خپله لارښوونه كوي، او ځينو پوهانو دده دا نظريه د الحاد او كفر سره برابره ښوولې او دې يې زنديق ګرځولې. مګر دده لارويان او نور صوفيان يې د شيخ الاكبر په نامه يادوي. دده ليكنې څه باندې ۳۰۰ درې سوه دي، چې لدې ډلې څخه يې د الفتوحات المكيه په نامه كتاب ډېر مشهور دى، دا كتاب ۴۰۰۰ پاڼې لري، او په ۵۶۰ څپركيو وېشل شوې دى. دا كتاب د تصوف په علم كې لوړ مقام لري. ابن عربي شاعر هم ؤ، دده د عارفانه نظمونو ټولګه د ترجمان الشواق په نامه خپره شوې ده، چې ددې كتاب انګرېزي ژباړه د ډاكټر نكلسن كړې ده.

مهم ليكنې سمول

  • فصوص الحِکم
  • فتوحات مكيه
  • عنقاء مغرب في معرفه ختم الاولياء وشمس المغرب
  • العقد المنظوم والسر المختوم
  • محاضرة الابرار ومسامرة الاخيار
  • مشاهد الاسرار القدسيه ومطالع الانوار الالهيه
  • ترجمان الاشواق (عارفانه كلام ابن عربي)
  • تنزل الاملاك في حركات الافلاك



د ابن عربي كتابونه سمول

    • فصوص الحكم
    • الفتوحات المكية في معرفة أسرار المالكية والملكية
    • عنقاء مغرب في معرفة ختم الأولياء وشمس المغرب
    • كتاب العقائد
    • العقد المنظوم والسر المختوم
    • محاضرة الأبرار ومسامرة الأخيار
    • مشاهد الاسرار القدسية ومطالع الأنوار الإلهية
    • ترجمان الاشواق في غزل والنسيب
    • جامع الاحكام في معرفة الحلال والحرام
    • تنزل الاملاك في حركات الأفلاك
    • الدرة الباضعة من الجفر الجامعة
    • كتاب مواقع النجوم ومطالع أهلة الأسرار والعلوم

د ابن عربي كتابګوټي سمول

ابن عربي ګڼ شمېر رسالې ليکلي چې په دې توګه دي:

  1. شجرة الكون
  2. الكبريت الاحمر
  3. الامر المحكم والمربوط
  4. كتاب الاخلاق و الامر
  5. كتاب الجلال والجمال
  6. كتاب الوصيۃ
  7. حليۃ الابدال
  8. نقش الفصوص
  9. رسالۃ الفناء في المشاهده
    • الاسرا إلى المقام الاسرى
    • مشكاة العقول المقتبسة من نور المنقول
    • حرف الكلمات وحرف
    • رسالة الأزل
    • رسالة الأنوار
  • رسالة الحجب
  • رسالة روح القدس
  • الرسالة الغوثية
  • الرسالة القدسية
    • رسالة القسم الإلهي
    • رسالة كنه مما لا بد منه
    • رسالة الميم والواو والنون
    • كتاب الياء وهو كتاب الهو الخ
    • رسالة انشاء الدوائر
    • رسالة الأنوار فيما يفتح على صاحب الخلوة من الاسرار
    • قصيدة عظيمة للشيخ محي الدين بن عربي
    • حلية الأبدال
    • رسالة الحجب
    • السبحة السوداء
    • شجون المسجون
  • الأمر المحكم المربوط فيما يلزم أهل طريق الله تعالى من الشروط
    • كتاب الفناء في المشاهدة
    • كتاب بلغة الغواص في الأكوان إلى معدن الإخلاص (تحت الطبع)
    • كتاب الجلال والجمال
    • كتاب الألف و هو كتاب الأحدية
    • كتاب الجلالة و هو كلمة الله
    • كتاب القربة
    • كتاب الشأن
    • كتاب الشاهد
    • كتاب التراجم
    • كتاب منزل القطب و مقامه و حاله
    • رسالة الانتصار
    • كتاب الكتب
    • كتاب المسائل
    • كتاب التجليات
    • كتاب الإسفار عن نتائج الأسفار
    • كتاب الوصايا
    • كتاب نقش الفصوص
    • كتاب الوصية
    • كتاب اصطلاح الصوفية
    • رساله الي امام الرازي

مسلمان فلسفيان سمول

وراشې سمول

It is reported in Muslim's Sahih that the Messenger of God said: 'God is beautiful and He loves beauty'. It is God who made the world and endowed it with existence. the entire universe is therefore supremely beautiful. There is nothing ugly in it. On the contrary, in it God has brought together all perfection and all beauty... The gnostics see it as being nothing other than the form of the Divine Beauty... for God is He who is revealed in every face, He to whom every sign refers back, He upon whom all eyes rest, He who is worshipped in every object of worship and pursued in the unseen and the visible world. The whole universe offers up its prayers to Him, falls down before Him, and sings His Praises. All tongues speak of Him alone, and Him alone all hearts desire... If it were not so, no Messenger nor Prophet would ever have loved woman or child (Futuhat al-makkiyya, III, pp.449-50)

کينډۍ:Cquote

کينډۍ:Cquote

His doctrineسمول

A profound visionary capacity, coupled with a remarkable intellectual insight into human experience and a thorough comprehension of all the traditional sciences, marks out Ibn Arabi from comparable figures in Islam. It has been tempting for scholars to characterise him as a mystical philosopher, a formulation which is rather at odds with his own teachings on the limitations of philosophical thinking. He was as much at home with Qur'an and Hadith scholarship as with medieval philology and letter symbolism, philosophy, alchemy and cosmology. He could write with equal facility in prose or poetry, and utilised the polysemous ambiguity of the Arabic language to great effect. The characteristic resonances of rhymed prose (saj’), which are to be found in the Qur'an, abound in his works.

In recent years Western scholars such as William Chittick and Michel Chodkiewicz have begun to explore the radical way in which Ibn Arabi’s thought is underpinned and inspired by the revelation of the Qur'an. He adopts the rich vocabulary of spiritual phenomenology which previous mystics had built up, and gives it both a scriptural basis and an ontological root.

This all-inclusiveness and flexibility equally make him one of the most demanding of authors, and one whose subtlety lesser minds have often struggled to comprehend, some falling into rejection and outright opposition. He combines a detailed architecture of spiritual experience, theory and practice, with descriptions of the attainments of other masters he met as well as his own personal visions, insights and dreams. It is his propensity to recount stories from his own direct experience, primarily in order to make a teaching point, that allows readers to gain such a detailed insight into the inner world of one of the greatest mystics the world has known, and also allows us to reconstruct his life and times with some accuracy.

Orthodox Criticism and its Defence سمول

Some Sunnis reject the notion that Ibn Arabi was a Muslim. Reasons for Ibn Arabi being branded a heretic were some of his statements in his books such as "Fusoos Al-Hikam" and "Al-Ahkaam". One example is where Ibn Arabi said, " العبد رب و الرب عبد Al-`Abdu Rabbun Warrabbu `Abdun" meaning The slave (human) is the Lord and the Lord is the slave." Sufis claim that such statements were always considered to be the most elevated exposition of mystical thought in Islam, and therefore unsuitable for the untrained mind. Ibn Arabi has also said, " الرب رب في التنزل والعبد عبد فى الترقي Al-Rabbu Rabbun Fa in tanazzal, wal abdu abdun fa in tarakka" (Lord is Lord through his coming down in love to His creations and a slave is a slave however high in status he goes up). This clearly shows that he accepted the existence of creations.

Its defenceسمول

The Shaikh wrote his books in the Arabic used by highly literate persons. He also made heavy use of terminologies. This was common for all Sufi masters, but they first taught their students the basics before handing them their books. They also burned most of their works before death, fearing that the later untrained generations might misunderstand them. His book Fusoos Al-Hikam, for example, came under heavy fire and he was declared Kafir by many scholars. This book was translated into many languages.

د فصوص الحکم ژباړې او په هغه تبصرې سمول

There have been many exceptional commentaries on Ibn 'Arabi's Fusus al-hikam: the first called al-Fukuk was written by his stepson and heir, Sadruddin al-Qunawi, who had studied the book with Ibn 'Arabi; the second by Qunawi's student, Mu'ayyad al-din al-Jandi, which was the first line-by-line commentary; the third by Jandi's student, Da'ud al-Qaysari, which became very influential in the Persian-speaking world. There were many others, in the Ottoman world (eg 'Abd Allah Bosnevi), the Arab world (eg 'Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulusi) and the Persian world (eg Haydar Amoli). It is estimated that there are over 50 commentaries on the Fusus, most of which only exist in manuscript form. The more famous (such as Qunawi's Fukuk) have been printed in recent years in Iran.

The Fusus was first critically edited in Arabic by Afifi (1946). The first English translation was done in partial form by Angela Culme-Seymour from the French translation of Titus Burckhardt as "Wisdom of the Prophets" (1975), and the first full translation was by Ralph Austin as "Bezels of Wisdom" (1980). There is also a complete French translation by Charles-Andre Gilis, entitled "Le livre des chatons des sagesses" (1997). The only commentary to have been translated into English so far is entitled "Ismail Hakki Bursevi's translation and commentary on Fusus al-hikam by Muhyiddin Ibn 'Arabi" in 4 volumes (1985-1991).

In Urdu, the most authentic translation is supposed to be that of Maulvi Abdul Qadeer Siddiqui. His translation is in the curriculum of Punjab University. He has made an interpretive translation and explained the terms and grammar while clarifying the Shaikh's opinions.

سرچينېسمول

  1. al-Qawl al-Matin fi Tashayyu' Shaykh Muhyi al-Din ibn Arabi by Tahrani

اهمې ليکنې سمول

  • complete list of Ibn Arabi Books in Arabic
  • The Seals of Wisdom (also translated as The Bezels of Wisdom), or Fusus al-Hikam.
  • The Meccan Illuminations (Al-Futuhat al-Makkiyya), his largest work discussing a wide range of topics from mystical philosophy to Sufi practices and records of his dreams/visions, often described as his Magnum Opus.
  • The Diwan, his collection of poetry spanning five volumes, mostly unedited. The printed versions available are based on only one volume of the original work.
  • The Holy Spirit in the Counselling of the Soul (Ruh al-quds), a treatise on the soul which includes a summary of his experience from different spiritual masters in the Maghrib. Part of this has been translated as Sufis of Andalusia, reminiscences and spiritual anecdotes about many interesting people whom he met in al-Andalus.
  • Contemplation of the Holy Mysteries (Mashahid al-asrar), probably his first major work consisting of fourteen visions and dialogues with God.
  • Divine Sayings (Mishkat al-anwar), an important collection made by Ibn Arabi of 101 hadith qudsi
  • The Book of Annihilation in Contemplation (K. al-Fana' fi'l-mushahada), a short treatise on the meaning of mystical annihilation (fana).
  • Devotional Prayers (Awrad), a widely read collection of fourteen prayers for each day and night of the week.
  • Journey to the Lord of Power (Risalat al-anwar), a detailed technical manual and roadmap for the "journey without distance".
  • The Book of God's Days (Ayyam al-sha'n), a work on the nature of time and the different kinds of days experienced by gnostics
  • The Fabulous Gryphon of the West ('Anqa' Mughrib), a book on the meaning of sainthood and its culmination in Jesus

دا هم وګورۍسمول

باندنۍ تړنېسمول


مسلمان فیلسوفان
Ibn rushd1.jpg
يعقوب كندي | ابن سینا بلخي | ابن عربي | ابي نصر الفارابي | غزالي | ابن خلدون | ابن رشد | ابن طفیل | علامه اقبال | سيد جمال الدين افغاني| امير حمزه شينوارې | امام فخر الدين رازي | رابعه بلخي | غني خان | ابو الاعلى مودودي | شاه ولي الله | {سېد محمد طباطبايي | عمر خيام |ابن مسكوی | سېد حسن نصر | جلال الدین رومي |شقیق بلخي | شېخ الاشراق سهروردي

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